Improvement of Ground Water by Replacement of Earthern Kattas by Bison Panel Sheet Katta System
In India 83% of available water is used for agriculture. Hence it is necessary to store and conserve water available at
the end of rainy season. Here we have adopted katta system of water storage. Katta is a temporary structure made by binding
mud and loose stones available locally. they are usually built across small streams and rivers, this kattas slows the flow of
water, and stores a large amount during the dry months. The collected water gradually seeps into ground and increase the water
level of nearby wells and water sources. In coastal ares they also minimize the flow of fresh water into the sea.kattas are cost
effective and simple method, used widely in rural ares. Thus kattas can go a long way in water management. Here we have
adopted Bison Panel sheets in kattas instead of ordinary earthern kattas to overcome the problems faced in earthern kattas.The
properties of bison sheets are:
Weather Resistance: With cement constituting 62% of its composition, Bison offers excellent resistance to weather. The
board has been subjected to many cycles of soaking, freezing, & heating without any sign of disintegration.
Biological Properties: Due to mineralisation of wood particles by cement, Bison Panel is resistant to termite & vermin attack.
It also does not support fungal growth. Untreated samples exposed to contact with ground surface for several years have no
sign of rot or decay. Further, Bison is radiologically fit for use as per BARC (Bhabha Atomic Research Center) test reports.
Chemical Stability: Bison Panel is manufactured by an irreversible process combining cement & wood particles into a
chemically stable building material which maintains its strength with time & exposure to elements. The board is unaffected by
many dilute chemicals such as brines, bleaches, detergents, & chlorine solutions.
Replacing the earthern kattas by bison panel sheet kattas helps in reducing seepage and labour problem to a large extent. Due to
its best chemical and physical properties bison sheets are best suited compared to other materials like metal sheets,fibre sheets
etc. The cost of bison sheet is 75Rs per sq feet and is most economical compared to any other methods.Hence we have adopted
this method in improving the ground water.
Keywords - Bison panel sheet, Katta, Binding mud, Seepage.